How physicians can boost adherence
The physician also plays a role in medication adherence among black patients. Physicians might recommend a medication, but they often don’t explain to the patient how it works, the expected side effects or how to take it properly. And if the patient decides the medicine is causing leg swelling, they might just stop taking it.
If the physician sits down and explains to the patient what to expect and says, “I’m available if you have any questions,” then they have empowered some level of knowledge that makes it easier for patients to take their medications, said Dr. Okwuosa.
“Sometimes it is hard to convince patients—especially when taking a pill—if it is something that is not hurting or bothering them at the time. It’s an important concept to try to give to patients, that you need that education,” said Paul A. Jones, MD, chairman of cardiovascular medicine at Mercy Hospital & Medical Center in Chicago.
Physicians should spend time to ensure their patients understand the disease process and the potential negative ramifications behind high BP or untreated hypertension.
Amid obstacles, pursuing lifestyle change
Another issue physicians need to address is the patient’s diet. According to the American Heart Association, a person should consume less than 1,500 mg of salt per day. Cutting salt intake is one area Dr. Okwuosa emphasizes with her patients.
Yet, Dr. Jones said, many black patients working with physicians to pursue nonpharmacological approaches to lowering their BP face factors beyond their control. For example, too many are at a disadvantage when it comes to changing their lifestyles because they live in neighborhoods where safe, walkable streets and affordable, healthful foods are hard to find.
“Our politicians need to step up to the plate and really be proactively involved,” Dr. Jones said. “It’s a big problem.”
When recommending a diet change, Dr. Okwuosa emphasized that it is not a one-size-fits-all approach to care. Physicians should begin by asking black patients how much meat they eat. If the patient says they eat beef five days a week, physicians can recommend trying to cut back to two days. Slow changes make the biggest difference.